What are heart diseases?

A number of diseases that affects the heart and vessels of heart are called as heart diseases.
They include,
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type and is the leading cause of heart attacks. When you have CAD, your arteries become hard and narrow. Blood has a hard time getting to the heart, so the heart does not get all the blood it needs.
            CAD can cause
·                          Angina - Angina is chest pain or discomfort that happens when the heart does not get enough blood.
·         Heart attack. A heart attack occurs when an artery is severely or completely blocked.
Heart failure occurs when the heart is not able to pump blood through the body as well as it should.
Heart arrhythmias are changes in the beat of the heart.

Man-holding-chest, Heart-risks

Unexpected things that can put your heart at danger

     1)    Hostility and anger

 Hostility is a distrustful, suspicious, and discontented  attitude toward others; negative social exchanges, such as sarcasm or impatience, typify individuals with hostility.
In a recent systematic review, 7 of 11 studies showed hostility to be a significant risk factor for CHD. A case-control study involving participants in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT) employed a structured interview (as opposed to a questionnaire) designed to elicit information regarding signs of hostility, including irritation, arrogance, uncooperativeness, and angry feelings.
It revealed that men with high hostility levels were more likely to die of cardiovascular disease than men with low hostility levels.

     2)    Anxiety

Anxiety is defined as a future-oriented negative emotion resulting from perceived threat and accompanied by perceived lack of control and lack of predictability.
Some interesting epidemiologic studies have indicated that anxiety may predict new acute coronary syndrome (ACS) events

     3)    Poor dental hygiene

 Observational studies have shown that people with heart diseases have poor dental hygiene. The relationship between this is unknown.
Good dental hygiene is important, particularly if you have been diagnosed with a heart murmur. So, take care of your teeth by brushing and flossing daily and visiting the dentist regularly.

     4)    Polluted air

Studies have shown that polluted air can put your heart at risk. So limit your outdoor exercises during rush hours

     5)    Lack of sleep:

Unrefreshing sleep contribute to lot of things like heart disease, obesity, high blood pressure rtc
It is very important to get a good night rest and good sleep.

     6)    Noise pollution:
 You may benefit from scheduling some quiet time if you live or work in a noisy environment. One study suggests louder traffic is connected to a higher risk of stroke.

      7)    Migraines:

 Women who have migraines with aura (visual disturbances like flashing lights) are at a slightly higher risk for heart disease.

     8)    Sleep apnea:

Stoppage of breathing during sleep is sleep apnea. Obesity can be one of the good reasons for it.
A study shows that In middle-aged to older individuals, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) severity is independently associated with higher levels of hs-TnT, suggesting that subclinical myocardial injury may play a role in the association between OSA and risk of heart failure. OSA was not associated with NT-proBNP levels after adjusting for multiple possible confounders.

     9)    Autoimmune diseases:

 Having rheumatoidarthritis or another autoimmune disease is a risk factor, as inflammation helps develop plaque that blocks arteries.

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