Osteoporosis is a common condition where bones become weak, affecting both men and women, mainly as they grow older. In OP bones are prone to fracture as they are weak and fragile. It is a silent condition as it will not show any symptoms until a bone get fractured.
Osteoporosis particularly affects women after menopause and in their later years, although some men are also affected.
About nine million Americans have osteoporosis and an estimated 48 million have low bone density. This means that nearly 60 percent of adults age 50 and older are at risk of breaking a bone and should be concerned about their bone health
What cause Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis results from a loss of bone mass (measured as bone density) and from a change in bone
- Age is the main risk factor for osteoporosis. Bone becomes thin and weak as it get older.
- Dietary calcium and vitamin D deficiencies are important factors in the risk for osteoporosis.
- Osteoporosis is more common in people who have a small, thin body frame and bone structure.
- Excessive alcohol consumption increases osteoporosis risk.
- Family history of osteoporosis or an osteoporosis-related fracture in a parent or sibling
- Women who smoke particularly after menopause have a significantly greater risk of spine and hip fractures than those who do not smoke. Men who smoke also have lower bone density.
- Lack of exercise and a sedentary lifestyle can increase the risk of osteoporosis.
Other causes for Osteoporosis
· Low level of sex hormone in women (estrogen). It happens mainly after menopause
· Eating disorders like anorexia nervosa or bulimia
· Sedentary lifestyle (inactivity)
· Diseases effecting bones
· Endocrine diseases like Hypothyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, Cushing's disease, etc
· Inflammatory joint diseases like Rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondalitis Etc..
· Certain medications
o Medications for lower thyroid functions
o Heparin (anticoagulant)
Know more about OSTEOARTHRITIS CAUSE SYMPTOMS EXERCISE & TREATMENT
Symptoms of Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is silent disease which may not show any symptoms at all till one get a bone fractured from a mild fall.
Sometimes you may have symptoms like this
§ Back ache
§ Gradual loss of height with stooping posture
§ Fracture of hip, spine or wrist
Osteoporosis will not cause any pain until you get a bone fractured.
How is osteoporosis diagnosed?
It is diagnosed by a simple test measuring bone mineral density (BMD) of your bone
Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (referred to as DXA or DEXA) is the best current test to measure BMD.
DXA test results are scored compared with the BMD of young, healthy people. This results in a measure called a T-score.
The scoring is as follows:
Bone mineral density (BMD)
Not lower than –1.0
Between –1.0 and –2.5
Osteopenia (mild BMD loss)
–2.5 or lower
The risk of fracture most often is lower in people with osteopenia than those with osteoporosis. But, if bone loss continues, the risk of fracture increases.
How to prevent osteoporosis
- regular exercise
Immobility can worsen your osteoporosis. The aim of exercise in OP is to strengthen your muscles so that the muscles can support your bones and joints.
Accumulate at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity daily, including weight-bearing exercise, strength training (at least twice a week), and activities that improve balance to help prevent falls.
- healthy eating
Diet should be very rich in Vitamin D and calcium.
Total daily calcium intake (diet plus supplements) should add up to 1,300 mg for teenagers, 1,000 mg for adults 50 years of age or younger, or 1,200 mg for adults over the age of 50.
Sun exposure for 5-10 minutes on bare skin, such as the arms and legs, 2-3 times weekly improves vitamin D status with minimal risk of skin damage. Adults can increase their daily vitamin D intake by taking a supplement that contains 400 IU, the amount in most multivitamins. Older adults and those who avoid sun exposure should take extra vitamin D for a total of 800 IU/day.
- lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking and reducing alcohol intake
Homeopathy for osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a kind of disease which is to be prevented. Homeopathy can help you to prevent OP with adequate dietary supplements and exercise.
The causative factor for the conditions should be identified first. If it is secondary to any other things like drugs or endocrine diseases, it should be treated homeopathically.
Homeopathy medicines are prescribed after a detailed casetaking in mental physical and emotional planes. As homeopaths say they treat man in disease not disease in man.
The most commonly prescribed medicines are as follows which are not to be taken without a qualified homeopath’s advice.
Ruta graveolens Etc
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