If you have following symptoms and signs, you might be suffering from PCOS
• Irregular or non-existent periods
• very light (oligomenorrhea) or very heavy bleeding during your period
• mild to moderate abdominal discomfort
• excessive hair growth on your face, chest and lower abdomen (hirsutism)
• acne with oily skin
• excessive skin growth on your neck or in your armpit, also called as skin tags.
· Obesity ( over weight )
· Infertility: This generally results directly from chronic anovulation (lack of ovulation)
· Metabolic syndrome: This appears as a tendency towards central obesity and other symptoms associated with insulin resistance. Serum insulin, insulin resistance and homocysteine levels are higher in women with PCOS
· elevated blood pressure, and
· Multiple, small cysts in the ovaries.
· elevated insulin levels and insulin resistance
What causes PCOS?
No one is quite sure what causes PCOS, and it is likely to be the result of a number of both genetic (inherited) as well as environmental factors. Women with PCOS often have a mother or sister with the condition, and researchers are examining the role that genetics or gene mutations might play in its development.
Majority of suffers have elevated insulin levels which leads to obesity and PCOS.
Too much luteinising hormone (LH) is produced compared to follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which in turn causes the follicles on the ovaries to produce more of the male hormone testosterone than the female hormone oestrogen. The adrenal glands start to produce increased amounts of testosterone as well.
Signs and Symptoms of PCOS
The principal signs and symptoms of PCOS are related to menstrual disturbances and elevated levels of male hormones (androgens). Menstrual disturbances can include delay of normal menstruation (primary amenorrhea), the presence of fewer than normal menstrual periods (oligomenorrhea), or the absence of menstruation for more than three months (secondary amenorrhea). Signs and symptoms have listed on first paragraph.
Diagnosis of PCOS
· Gynecologic ultrasonography, specifically looking for small ovarian follicles.
· Laparoscopic examination may reveal a thickened, smooth, pearl-white outer surface of the ovary.
· Serum (blood) levels of androgens (male hormones), including
Managing your PCOS
Diet for PCOS
Some tips on what to do on diet for PCOD
- Eat minimal amounts of carbohydrates — mainly taken from raw fruits and vegetables.
- Always opt for natural or pure organic food instead of commercially prepared ones.
- Always eat something with protein for every meal, mainly seafood, nuts, eggs and yogurt
- Get rid of soft drinks and other sugary drinks and drink more than eight glasses of water every day.
- Don’t eat too little or too much and instead aim for just the right amount of nutrition necessary for everyday use.
- Make sure to avoid food that uses preservatives and additives as much as possible.
- Coffee or anything with caffeine and alcohol should be avoided at all costs.
- Eat foods rich in essential fatty acids like seed, nuts, salmon, mackerel and other oily fish.